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Though the morning dawned cold and snowy, only two of the 23 service projects planned for the day had to be cancelled. Eyring, First Counselor in the First Presidency, described the thousands of projects that happened in these words: They asked God to know whom we should serve, what service to give, and whom to invite to participate.

They may even have prayed not to forget shovels or drinking water. Above all, they prayed that all who gave service and all who received it would feel the love of God. Four hundred people had a chance to participate in 13 on-site service projects as well as to interact with representatives from 40 non-profit service organizations who were seeking volunteers. The campaign started last year with the goal of strengthening communities and helping local governments and service organizations.

Service projects are planned throughout Snohomish County, and people of all faiths are invited to join the volunteers. Church service missionaries are Church volunteers who give their time through work-related service missions. These missionaries serve at least 8 hours a week for six to 24 months. Although service missionaries are often involved in other assignments outside of their ward boundaries, they are still encouraged to serve in ward or stake callings at the discretion of their local leaders, as long as their additional duties do not interfere with Church-service missionary assignments.

This year's event is expected to be even bigger. On April 24, more than 50, Southeastern state residents will assemble "love bags," plant fresh flowers, remove graffiti, repaint homes and hand-tie quilts on the 2nd Annual Day of Service event. The challenge was issued last August, and "Day of Service " was to take place in all areas on the same day.

Gallery Claudine Cable, communications and training coordinator for the Church-service missionary program, said that Church-service missionaries make up a large part of some departments of the Church. In the Welfare Department, for example, they make up about 80 percent of the workforce. Congregations of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints throughout Polk County and other volunteers completed 10 service projects for the second annual Day of Service recently.

A total of volunteers donated more than 1, volunteer hours during the event. The mobilization is part of the first "Mormon Helping Hands" day of service, an organized event that summoned some 40, volunteers to carry out service projects throughout all of Southern California, including 11 O.

Ten major projects in 20 locations will take place, and lunch will follow for all participants at Sylvan Park. Family Service Association of Redlands will get improvements funded by a grant from the Home Depot Foundation aimed at helping veterans in our community, according to a press release. Volunteers will paint and repair the facilities, expand the community garden and establish an archive unit within the main building.

The nearest challenger is Iowa City, with a rate of Nearly 80 percent of volunteer efforts locally were considered "religious," which includes unpaid service in any capacity in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, said spokeswoman Siobhan Dugan. Volunteers included Church members of all ages who partnered with members of other faiths and civic organizations.

More than stakes completed projects throughout September. Due to a call for more service from LDS leaders earlier this year, Mormons across the world have been devoting a Day of Service to their communities. He was discharged in but returned to Baghdad to work as a private contractor. Friends and family say Ferguson was passionate about his service and fighting for freedom. Over Latter-day Saints from the surrounding area, including Clarksville, TN, removed over cubic yards of debris using over man hours during the Church's annual Day of Service event.

Service to God sometimes trumps service to country. As a result, the news service will be less comprehensive this week. Full service will resume on Monday, June Locally, that call was answered with helping hands from about volunteers.

All young Mormon men spend two years in mission service after they graduate from high school and before settling down. The effort, sponsored by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints' North America Southeast Area, linked volunteers from Mormon churches with local agencies from Indiana to Florida on service projects that would help people, organizers said. In recognition of their acts of service, California Gov.

Members of thirteen stakes and districts in the New York metro tri-state area heeded President Eyring's call to serve at general conference by turning out in degree weather to perform community service at approximately 50 different locations in Connecticut, New Jersey and New York. We give service in the church through our callings. We serve members through prepared meals for the sick, helping a new family move or helping the widows with their yard work.

We also serve in our communities in various ways including feeding the homeless and aiding victims of natural disasters.

A Guide to Missionary Service [], Antonio Monteiro Preschool, located on Ilha do Governador. The preschool caters to children daily in the Royal Park community and surrounding areas. More than 35, hours of service were gladly given as volunteers — individuals and families from children to seniors— contributed their energy, time and talents to improve their local communities. Hillsboro Scouts choose service over parties November 4, - Relevance: The Mormon Church's goal was to volunteer 2, hours of community work in a "Day of Service" event.

Church members of all ages assisted maintenance staffs for the City of Eugene and Springfield parks. Mormons celebrate jubilee in Fiji December 2, - Relevance: On May 1, 11 wards and branches combined to perform more than 1, hours worth of service. The service for the father and son will be held at 2 p.

But these are not the only missionaries giving service and spreading the message. The Deseret News this week tells the story of another group — Latter-day Saint Church-service missionaries — that carries out a different aspect of missionary work. One group of 30 teenagers, however, decided to spend one of their Wednesday nights in service. LDS missionaries help with N.

Mormon missionaries helped unload and sort donations at food bank drop-off cites throughout the area. Laughter, camaraderie and a united effort to serve an agency that serves so many in need permeated the day's events. Family honors dad's commitment to service California February 25, - Relevance: Monson's most frequent theme, the LDS president admonished Mormon faithful at the church's th Semiannual General Conference on Sunday to give their lives in service to others.

The vast majority of the service occurred July 25, running the gamut from assembling emergency preparedness kits and collecting food donations to beautifying schools and cleaning up cemeteries. A few stakes' projects took place as early as April and some won't occur for another month.

Link to "Motherhood" Video May 8, - Relevance: The divine role of motherhood is a gift from God, and key to His plan of happiness for all His children. Monson announced in general conference that young women throughout the Church could begin full-time missionary service at the age of Then, he added, "We affirm that missionary work is a priesthood duty, and we encourage all young men who are worthy and physically able and mentally capable to respond to the call to serve.

Many young women also serve but they are not under the same mandate to serve as are the young men. We assure the young sisters of the Church, however, that they make a valuable contribution as missionaries and we welcome their service. Church, city team up for clean-up day September 27, - Relevance: Despite the casual attire, there was nothing nonchalant about the service rendered by students. The small army of volunteers from The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints dispersed and spread over 13 separate service sites ranging from a cemetery to the grounds of the Mormon Church's Laie Hawaii Temple.

Nauvoo service for Smiths Monday June 27, - Relevance: They come from varied backgrounds and have different talents and gifts. Because of this, there are many opportunities to serve within the Church, including service missions available to those for whom a full-time mission is not a good fit. They sold derby tickets, weighed and recorded fish, and answered questions from the public. Members in Modesto, Calif. The morning doughnuts did not do their magic.

In response to his invitation, Church members throughout Europe participated in a day of service by organizing blood drives across the continent. What follows is a brief review of the participation of Church members across the area.

He said Christian churches must demonstrate practical help and support for the needy, organizations and the poor in society. The youth were volunteers, lending their time and labor in providing badly needed maintenance that might not otherwise have been available due to limited national park staffing.

South mission recently helped in a service project to benefit victims of the earthquake in Haiti. With the exception of Dale and Brenda Bradford who began their service in October, these couples will begin their service in January. Sponsored by the Athens LDS Church, the creek cleanup saw volunteers clearing junk and debris from 12 sites along Oostanaula and North Mouse creeks in an effort to prevent future flooding in the area and improve the aquatic environment.

The anticipated large number of volunteers has allowed The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints to add more projects. About 30 will be finished in the Tri-Cities on Saturday. Council lauded for community service October 7, - Relevance: Bennion, past executive director of CSC, was honored for his loving kindness and charity toward the poor Latter-day Saints have been on the giving and receiving end of such service.

In those meetings, "The prophet himself told the sisters the feelings the Lord has when the women of the Church are put to use in building the kingdom and strengthening others," Sister Silvia H. Allred, first counselor in the Relief Society general presidency, told the Church News. Many times, there will be … something big and impressive, but the bulk of the work is done by small little acts of service that the sisters do in their everyday lives, in their communities, in their families, with their neighbors and with other Church members.

When you add all of those small acts of service, then you have something big happening. The announcement came during the October general conference, which lowered the minimum age of service from 19 to 18 for men, and from 21 to 19 for women. During Hurricane Harvey, there were as many as 16, Mormon Helping Hands volunteers working around Greater Houston each day and provided over one million man-hours of service.

Thank you for your service! The 66 teens, accompanied by 19 adult leaders, painted murals on the school walls as a community service project. The project was an activity for a youth conference sponsored by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

In the Crestview area, workers cleared underbrush in a city park to make way for a running trail. City officials expressed their appreciation for all that was accomplished.

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Port Manteaux Word Maker

The children of Aaron Wilkinson and Mary Haughton were: She is buried in St Marys, Newchurch in Pendle. Aaron married2 Peggy Halstead on Aaron Wilkinson married Mary Margaret Hargreaves on Mally Wilkinson married John Ashworth on 1. Children of Mally Willkinson and John Ashworth not yet known. Dinah Wilkinson married John Horn Children of Dinah Wilkinson and John Horn not yet known. Henry Haughton Wilkinson married Ann Haworth on Ann was born in Newchurch in Pendle.

Wilkinson, born approx in Virginia. The Whittens had move to Alabama, then to panola County, Mississippi. It is unclear how or where John and Jane met. Their first two children were born in Panola County. Wilkinson, born and Sarah Jane Wilkinson, born Their daughter Martha A. Wilkinson was born in in Kentucky and daughter Rachel was born in Aug, in Sabine, Texas.

They lived in St Louis for a time also. John was a steamboat merchant. Jane died on November 12, and is buried in the Whitten cemetery. They were married in in New Orleans. George died in and is also buried in the Whitten cemetery. He served as a private in the Confederate army and worked as a steamboat captain after the war.

I cannot find any info on John's family in Virginia. Please contact me if you can provide info on any of these people. I do have the Whitten family tree. The daughters married names were Davison, Edwards and Stockton. They eventually settled in California and Nevada. In search of Wilkinson family from Williamsport,Pa. Wilkinson, a brother George and sister Margaret. Boyd was born 30 June in Williamsport. My grandfather George Ellis Wilkinson was born 25 May I am looking for information on the Revolutionary Era soldier Benning Wilkinson, who was born born about probably in Epping, New Hampshire but this is a wild guess, he could be from Salisbury, Mass where he enlisted for the war He died in Center Harbor, New Hampshire.

Descriptive list of men raised to reinforce the Continental Army for the term of 6 months, agreeable to resolve of June 5, , returned as received of Justin Ely, Commissioner, by Brig. John Glover, at Springfield, Aug. Samuel Carr; also, pay roll for 6 months men raised by the town of Salisbury for service in the Continental Army during ; marched to camp July 29, ; discharged Dec.

I happened across a Wilkinson-England page that had a reference to my grandfather who died in in Walters, MN, but could not contact the "green-eyedgal1 who left the message. My great-grandfather was Alonzo Wilkinson who emigrated from Leeds, England. They had four children, Clarence, who died in at the age of 12, Everett, Florence, and Charles Brown Wilkinson, born August 18, Charles was my father.

If anyone has information regarding my father's family I would love to hear from you. I have no real information about Harry Wilkinson's family except to hear that there had been a falling out and they did not have contact after that. Any information would be greatly appreciated! The family removed to Champaign IL.

Milton died 10 JUL. Wish to exchange information. Contact via e-mail or to Duane Wilkinson Washington St. Parthenia married Albert S. Horace married 17 Jan. Wish to exchang information. Reply via e-mail or to Duane Wilkinson Washington St. Found in census of Saline Coounty NE.

Stephen with his wife and son returned east sometime after Stephen became "Grand Master of Railroad Brakemen". Also have letters from Stephen to his brother Horace. Wish to exchange information and perhaps photos. USA - Saturday, February 12, at George Wilkinson m Mary Vance. I would say that George would have been born around They had a daughter named Nannie Wilkinson who married Hugh Carleton.

I am not able to find any information and it is very frustrating. Other family names are Kennedy and Stuart. I hope some of you Wilkinsons can get me started on the right path. But i do not see Evers listed under the surnames? My mother was Rachel Olive Wilkinson - Malone She was the daughter of Roy Joe Wilkinson He was the son of Joseph Wilkinson. On the Colorado census they are in Greeley CO. That is the only known record I have of him. He had to be in southeast Kansas around That;s where he met Olive.

In Colorado Springs Co Most of grandpa's brothers and sisters were born in Colo Sprgs. In Northeast Oklahona One uncle and aunt born there. No living realtive knows anything about him. Monson receives award for lifetime of service to others Deseret News - Utah January 22, - Relevance: Monson appointed himself the personal guardian for 87 widows in his LDS ward.

Mormons praised — and criticized — this week for race relations Religion News Service June 25, - Relevance: Services slated for Palmer teen Alaska January 24, - Relevance: LDS stake service project benefits needy countries October 3, - Relevance: Missionaries in North Carolina June 22, - Relevance: A year member of an East Bay congregation, she realized she wanted to experience more from her weekly worship service.

Aragon, 19, was a quiet, respectful young man who loved '70s rock music and trucks and who knew the dangers of service in Afghanistan. They will begin their service in July. They will begin their service in January of Widows, widowers get helping hands Utah August 25, - Relevance: Monson has led to some very unique facts and figures. Here are some milestones by the numbers Shurtleff enjoys public service October 2, - Relevance: Should religion be easy?

Religion News Service May 27, - Relevance: Joseph Catholic Church, Mission Blvd. Captured in the image was the familiar smile and sparkling eyes that his friends and family members knew well and loved. From Heart to Heart: Prayers of thanksgiving come from many faiths November 22, - Relevance: Gladys pops in for church service UK May 25, - Relevance: However, they still had to live their own lives. At one point Peter said to Thomas, Nathaniel, and four others, "I go a fishing.

Parishioners from the Church of Latter Day Saints in Winnipeg have been helping homeowners to rebuild, as have volunteers from the Mennonite Disaster Service. Families, friends and community members gathering for the funeral service of the Cardston man. First we start voting for a few more Republican candidates because we finally have a little set aside that we want to protect from taxes, and then before we know it we have become that crotchety old man yelling at kids to get off our lawn.

Young reflects on his international service July 27, - Relevance: Young reflected this week on his three terms — two as chairman — serving on the U. Commission on International Religious Freedom. Year after year, I love the lights, cards, stories, scriptural accounts, acts of service and beautiful Christmas music. Deseret News - Utah October 30, - Relevance: A day of reverence and remembrance Newstimes - Connecticut December 15, - Relevance: I threw myself into learning Greek and Hebrew and baptizing dolls in my speech class.

Fall festival gets blind children in the mood for Halloween October 26, - Relevance: The church had about 1, members But what is not so easily seen is the preparation needed to take on this sometimes difficult role. Families remember survivor, speaks at memorial service Missouri October 20, - Relevance: A memorial services is being held in Missouri.

He didn't even know there was one. Service is Sister Parkin's priority April 2, - Relevance: Service is Sister Parkin's priority April 4, - Relevance: Others spend that time giving back to the community. Religion News Service April 15, - Relevance: Right or wrong, those are just a few of the labels that are sometimes connected to students who suit up for intercollegiate sports in the United States.

Once, just like them, I was preparing to go on a mission. Because of their dedication, 6, lives were saved. It was also very exciting to see how grateful the Blood Bank of Hawaii representatives were because they rely upon us and need what we have to give.

They help us to help and bless others by saving lives. Thanks for the memories: Ashcroft recognizes Hatch for service October 8, - Relevance: These words are at the core of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, of how they approach outreach to others and of their sacred commitment to family.

If someone strikes you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also. First learn these three words: They are vigilant in order to help their members, as well as to be of service to those who become victims.

Serving at Women's Conference May 1, - Relevance: During a minute interview, overcome with emotion, Aguirre used it to wipe his eyes four times. Although Jordan is a place of safety and refuge amidst the turmoil of the Middle East, Jordan still experiences many challenges from its interactions with its neighbors.

Poignant service recalls family members lost in fire October 22, - Relevance: They died when their house went up in flames early Saturday. This means that God is my father, and I have divine worth. There is no sin so great, no thought so terrible, no mistake so horrendous, that I cease to have value. This also applies equally to everyone else in the world. His guiding Mormon faith, pro bono law work and family's political connections have combined to create "an obligation to give back. A member of the West Brighton congregation of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, he helped pick up the area around the building with 50 other volunteers.

It was a favorite tradition for the stake to serve others each year during Christmastime. Part of the good the church does is expecting me to come out of myself in order to help others. Volunteers work together to run church Albany Herald - Georgia -- scroll to bottom to view article December 13, - Relevance: Napolitano visits Mormon aid facility Arizona May 20, - Relevance: Of Chapels and Temples: And nothing embodies culture quite like food — specifically, fish heads, raw octopus and broiled eel.

A photographic look at Elder L. They will begin their service this year. They will begin their service soon. My husband James, a doctor, was just retiring. We had lived in England for three years because he had been a mission president, supervising missionaries. Felix, 53, is scheduled for 6 p. His funeral will be Thursday in his hometown of Springville, Utah.

Senate in Washington D. Martin Luther King Jr. Turns out, my first-glance analysis wasn't too far off. The handful of stations that have shown a Catholic Mass or Mormon devotions will be allowed to continue, but the other plus stations have been instructed to avoid any kind of evangelism. One of the committees at the institute is the service committee, headed by Charlotte Hansen, assisted by missionary Sister Prella Tilt.

They will begin their service in January Meant to promote community service and unity, the program was established by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

Quorums of the Seventy: But that essential ordinance does not complete conversion — lifelong service in the temple remains the ultimate goal of new members. With the exception of Elder and Sister Zwick, who will begin their service immediately, these couples will begin serving in July.

Utah's volunteer rate tops in U. He works 9 a. He has four children, ages 1 through 6, and another one on the way. Monday nights are reserved for family time. While the 18 months or two years of service may fly by for some, several homecoming videos also prove that missionaries may not realize how much they miss their family until they see them. Mormons embrace social media to push back against official church teachings Religion News Service September 16, - Relevance: On a cool summer evening, in a borrowed classroom overlooking San Francisco Bay, about men and women gathered to screen a short documentary about a Mormon family whose year-old son came out as gay.

What's it really like being a Mormon missionary? She's allowed to email relatives weekly, but as a Mormon missionary, this is the most contact will she have with her family, during her 18 months of overseas service. She was a part of the Relief Society Program, which is run by church women who choose an annual service project. First there is a Sacrament Service, where everyone meets together and takes communion, remembering the sacrifice of Jesus on the cross.

However, in the LDS tradition, water is used instead of wine or grape juice. We cannot save ourselves St. Helena Star - California May 13, - Relevance: Have a Kleenex handy. Mormons will be able to tune in while attending BYU in Provo, dodging military patrols in Venezuela or herding goats in Kenya.

Surrounded by total devastation, the men—15 the first day and double that the second day—did not try to do everything for every victim of the storm. Instead, they spent hours helping one woman who was not even a member of their church. It is accessible free of charge by going to the website at FamilySearch. They also measured the stones. But I am confident that the time will never come when we shall not need vigorous men and women of faith to go into the world as missionaries for this cause.

In the name of Dios: The confining effect of a cubicle and keyboard can cause you to miss important details that would put a human face on the facts and add another layer of richness to your writing. Living abroad to learn a language Washington Times October 2, - Relevance: For years, the Mormon Church has encouraged young men and women to do a two-year mission, often in another country.

Ford — fondly remembered as a loving son who tried to make his world a better place — was laid to rest yesterday as a brave, young hero who served his country when it needed him most. Elders and sisters typically love being photographed with the folks they serve among during their missionary days. Hinckley, died last Sunday at age He was buried Saturday in Salt Lake City.

The church broadcast his memorial service around the world in 69 languages. Gilbert, has seen repeated many times in his own life. Missionary survives gunshot to head Arizona May 5, - Relevance: Nearly two years ago, he left his home in Mesa to travel thousands of miles to Brazil, on a Mormon mission. The country became his second home -- but in April, his service abruptly ended. The place is awash in fresh-faced students, and even the workers — from the cafeteria to the copy center, the mailroom to the bookstore — and most of the teachers are under We all ate, swam, talked, and gave John gifts of hope and encouragement.

Then a couple of weeks later, he came home. Our hearts reach out in sympathy, love, and appreciation to his parents, family members and friends at this difficult time. We pray that they will find peace and comfort in the promises of the Lord concerning those who give their lives in His service. Interfaith rite launches inaugural Utah January 3, - Relevance: Another says the Cougars signed the 46th-best class in the country and ranks them at least 16 spots higher than any other MWC school.

Brown, president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in North Alabama, died Friday morning, leaving a legacy of service and dedication to the church as his monument, those who knew him said.

Forest Service to fight wildfires, but not with axes and hoses. Instead, they use experimental fires in their lab to beef up and speed up the computer programs that predict where wildfires spread. Arnold was named after his ancestor, Mervyn Sharp Bennion, who was the captain of the U. West Virginia in Pearl Harbor on Dec. Does religion always demand forgiveness? It's over," the Mormon told an audience in Washington, where she helped lobby senators successfully for a tough national sex-offender registry bill.

However, her forgiveness does not extend to wanting her abductors to go free. Elizabeth wants them to stand trial and be imprisoned. It's a six-day work week, with maybe a hour work day. You'll use the day off to do your laundry or write letters or e-mails home. A few other rules With a few exceptions, the season ends without a tournament berth or a loss in the first round.

Stevenson and Dale G. Renlund already had answered a call to full-time LDS Church service. They've spoken before at the faith's General Conferences. They know how to read off a teleprompter and make appropriate pauses. But this time was different. How does he have the time? More than 7, members volunteered, serving in areas throughout the country.

Bullying, teen suicides prompt soul-searching among religious groups Catholic News Service November 3, - Relevance: Packer recalled a time less than 50 years ago when the entire chaplain corps of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints had dwindled to five or six men. This desire to serve gets to the heart of the Christmas season and draws us closer to our Savior, Jesus Christ. Mormon volunteers clean up town East Oregonian July 29, - Relevance: They were jointed by 25 to 30 volunteers from Athena.

Hinckley was eulogized Saturday — his red chair on the Conference Center dais empty and his casket resting in front of the pulpit handcrafted from a tree he planted decades ago. The unprecedented "service of rededication and remembrance" was held in Kalawao, the original site of the Hansen's disease settlement.

About 80 descendants of former patients and current Kalaupapa residents attended. Talk to your bishop and put in your papers in to serve a mission! Johnson gave in Bountiful in July of The youths were members from metro-east congregations of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, and some friends of other faiths, who took part in the service project at the St.

Clair Associated Vocational Enterprises, or S. Till when he began service in was raising awareness of the Church among the people. A survey he conducted after arriving showed that only 7 percent of Koreans knew anything about the Church. SVU students serve — inside and out — at the Washington D. Prior to the announcement, 58, missionaresi were serving; as of this week, that number is now 75, Volunteers help spruce up kids' rehabilitation center Arizona Republic April 24, - Relevance: The volunteers spent about four hours at New Foundation painting dorm rooms and classrooms, and chopping down overgrown vegetation.

They, like the apostles of old, are sent two by two to proclaim the gospel of Jesus Christ, but that is not all missionaries do. They seek opportunities to help those in need. And currently there continues to be a great need in Japan. Scott Grow of the Seventy and representatives from a variety of faiths shared messages of gratitude and unity as part of the Inclusion Center's 23rd annual Thanksgiving Interfaith Service on Sunday, Nov.

The fair, which was free and open to the public, was hosted by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints as a service to the community. Service by the dozen: He has three older brothers to thank for it.

Temple for the first time. Tom Perry, a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints who championed family values with a robust voice and cheerful optimism, died May 30, , in his home from the effects of cancer.

All of those missionaries, apart from some who have concluded their mission service, are now filling new assignments in one of 11 other missions in the islands. Arizona couple helping S. Historical Society December 30, - Relevance: They will begin their service in July of And she didn't even know she shared a gospel performance Grammy award Sunday with the late Ray Charles for their duet, "Heaven Help Us All," until there was a break in church services.

Church prepares hygiene kits for migrant workers Standard-Blade - Colorado April 27, - Relevance: Instead, her memory was honored with splashes of her favorite color, pink, found everywhere from the cluster of balloons outside her service, to the attire of some of the hundreds gathered to remember her. Senior center volunteer anticipates needs August 9, - Relevance: Whether it be the many years she served lunch to schoolchildren, having seven children of her own, going on an LDS mission, or spending 30 hours a week at the Cache Senior Citizens Center, Koeven makes sure her time counts.

No injuries were reported. Count your many blessings. See what God hath done. Our article briefly mentioned that 11 of the 71 volunteers have been on the ship for the entire five-month journey.

Most young men in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints expect to spend two years in voluntary service as a missionary, and the Plymouth congregation is no exception. Instead, the Draper man allegedly shot his wife to death here Sunday morning as she arrived at a local LDS church to attend services on her 30th birthday.

Abiola, the owner of a shop located near the site of the project. The New Zealand landmark has been in service since and needs seismic strengthening retrofit and significant upgrades to its mechanical systems.

Hillam passed away at the age of 77, his family and friends gathered Monday to celebrate his fruitful life during a midday memorial service at the Bountiful Utah Orchard Stake center. Tillemann, a senior adviser to U. Monson has led a life of Christlike service.

Even as a young boy—often with encouragement from his mother—he was able to look outside of himself and serve others around him, especially at Christmastime. One story tells of the joy he felt as he helped another boy have a happy Christmas. Marco Rubio has tried three religions for the right spiritual fit. We anticipate these volunteers will return when conditions in Turkey normalize. Mission service remains formative in football careers Deseret News - Utah November 13, - Relevance: But it wasn't trash talk.

In fact, the two weren't discussing football. They weren't even speaking their native language. George and one from Logan, first shook hands and became acquainted while touring Church history sites in England. They forged an immediate bond and later served together as companions. It was the beginning of a lifelong friendship. For that, she has won fresh acclaim. This week, a nationwide law society will honor the Hoover High School graduate and former top government attorney for her legal aid service.

See what an average day on a mission looks like for two women called to carry out their mission in Independence, Mo. She signed up for a trial membership on a Latter-day Saint-oriented online dating service, trusting that shared faith would make reaching out safer. He did not, however, imagine that his time in Brazil would eventually lead to ownership of a fisher-guiding business on the Amazon River.

These names highlight a long list of LDS Church prophets, apostles and general authorities whose service to former communist-controlled countries in central and eastern Europe were critical during the tense and tenuous four-plus decades following World War II. After the faith changed the age at which Mormons are allowed to serve, its missionary population increased by more than 40 percent.

What to do with them all? Texts from her daughter hours earlier revealed the horror taking place: I can hear people screaming. Hanks runs very deep. One of Meacham's most treasured memories from his military service during the Vietnam War was time spent with Elder Hanks, who risked his life to fly into hot combat zones to minister to LDS soldiers. Mormon missionary age reduction prompts U. To structure and optimize missionary service, many guidelines are provided including the instruction to exercise at least 30 minutes a day before performing proselytizing duties.

Missionaries come from all parts of world. They are here to offer service and teach about Jesus Christ. A mission lasts for two years. Orrin Hatch will speak and represent members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints on Friday at the memorial service for former heavyweight boxing champion Muhammad Ali.

They were dressed in yellow short aprons. They came out with working implements. Hey, Mormons — leave dead Jews alone! Religion News Service January 2, - Relevance: I am referring to the news that the Mormons are once again baptizing dead Jews — effectively making them posthumous Mormons. Huffington Post July 23, - Relevance: They tell me that Mormon church callings are a service that men do for women, so how can that be about power or oppression? Members of the Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter-day Saints will be at Abington Park, North-ampton, to work on the Choices workshop building for adults with learning disabilities, painting playground equipment and clearing rubbish from the stream.

Ralph Henderson was born Sept. Service to strangers has benefits that go beyond the immediate feelings and consequences. Terrorist attacks inspire life of service Nevada Appeal September 12, - Relevance: Student council member Josh Groth, 17, organized a lunchtime assembly for his peers to express their feelings.

It took only about seven hours to find nearly 1, volunteers from more than 40 LDS congregations between Sugar Hill and Cartersville. They will be the ones volunteering and traveling to third world countries to dig ditches, train midwives and build schools.

They will also be the ones reaping the rewards that come from selfless service, says one of the founders. Rasband of the Presidency of the Seventy landed on May 31, , in tornado-ravaged Oklahoma City eager to learn stories of faith and service, and to minister to those in need. Originally dedicated in , the Ogden Utah Temple was closed for extensive renovation for the past three years.

Many Latter-day Saints expressed excitement this weekend about having the temple back in service. Three days later, Stay spoke at a memorial service for her family. Idaho Marine laid to rest Idaho June 18, - Relevance: Lance Corporal Dustin Birch was laid to rest Friday in a memorial service with full military honors. The year-old from Saint Anthony was killed by a roadside last Thursday. Videos of a typical day for a sister missionary and of hands of service Deseret News - Utah January 8, - Relevance: A question—What does the savior do?

King called 'champion of peace' in holiday service at his church AP article January 22, - Relevance: I mean, how cool is it? You know, we've got all these different people seeking the presidency," he said. It's all possible because of Martin Luther King's vision of the beloved community. Still photos of mourners have captured moments in time that could be from any funeral anywhere.

But the church service for six members of the Stay family - shot to death in their Spring home last week - contained elements unique to the Mormon faith. Navy football follows revolutionary policy — Coaches don't work on fall Sundays Gazette October 5, - Relevance: He attends a two-hour service at Mariners Church.

He meticulously details his black Corvette Z Living their faith Washington March 28, - Relevance: Their family also takes part in Wednesday-evening activities with Chase, 13, and Rachel, 11, their two younger children still living at home.

Citizen of the Century: Hinckley has helped shape that change With more than , people being forced from their homes in 31 towns in the devastating January floods, only a handful of members were reported to have suffered significant losses.

However, commitment needs to be paired with action. Fortunately, prophets and apostles have repeatedly offered counsel about preparing for missionary service. President Monson's 50 years as an apostle: Monson has spent most of his life in the service of God — and for the past 50 years, as a member of the Quorum of the Twelve, First Presidency and president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Thousands of women traveled from across the United States and other countries for the two-day conference held on April 28 and They were mini miracles.

Craig Nelson, a former missionary to Haiti who rushed to the island nation with several doctor friends. Faith, friends and football: Sometimes he found himself at Eagle Scout service projects, family home evenings or LDS youth activities.

A look into the life of James E. He is remembered as a man of great faith, wit, wisdom, and kindness. He is also being remembered as a man who had a tremendous love of learning, and whose service extended beyond the LDS Church. Wheelwright draws near the completion of his first year of service, a faculty member in the May question-and-answer forum asked what "report card" grade he would give himself for his accomplishments at the university to this point.

Inside the Quorum of the Twelve: Left with a vacancy in the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles—created by the betrayal and death of Judas Iscariot—members of the quorum gathered and petitioned the Lord. New idea for Mormon missionaries: The problem, though, is how to keep these zealous young Mormons busy. In the past, it's been a round-robin event with classes on subjects such as stress management, exercise, diet and aging.

They went into the heat and worked to uplift, befriend and beautify their communities. With the land, the cities, the countryside, the food, the culture. For two years he shared his faith and his service and himself. Starting with just one set of boards, one set of clamps, and one stand set, she set to work creating what has become an ever-expanding quilt project. They are people of faith who love the Lord and His restored gospel.

And they love to celebrate — especially birthdays, anniversaries and historic occasions. This is, after all, a country with almost 20 national holidays. The observance is in conjunction with International Volunteer Day on Dec. Louis Today June 2, - Relevance: Officially, the university says the award is given to "students who demonstrate exceptional intellectual and leadership achievements and who have engaged in or shown a commitment to community service.

As the congregation has steadily grown, currently averaging between to members who regularly attend service, the national church based in Salt Lake City, is investing in Chillicothe. The gift of service: In a video posted on mormonnewsroom. Uchtdorf, Second Counselor in the First Presidency, expressed his deep empathy for those enduring the current crisis.

The majority will begin their three-year calling, accompanied by their wives, in July Mormon Helping Hands Day! On this day thousands of members and friends of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints all across the State of California will work together to provide a day of service in our communities. Mormon bishop, 45, is fighting for life after being attacked by carjackers as he opened his church for Sunday service Daily Mail - UK August 18, - Relevance: There are currently temples in operation around the world with another 23 announced or under construction.

Contestants to join clean up campaign Fiji Times September 14, - Relevance: Before receiving their Scouting organization's highest award, each of the boys was recognized for providing service to others, learning new skills, working together and demonstrating leadership. A moderate crowd filters into the parking lots and then through the doors for the 9 a. They're quiet and happy. Nothing breaks the tranquility except the occasional interjection of a car door snapping shut. Gainesville mayor ends term as church leader Georgia May 2, - Relevance: A meeting will be held at 10 a.

Mormon teens beautify 20 homes Arizona Republic November 22, - Relevance: Renlund had many assignments that took him to the mission home. The home, located approximately ten miles outside of downtown Stockholm, became a familiar place. The new presidents and their predecessors are listed below in this order: This includes 37 missionaries from the Nicaragua Managua North Mission, all of whom were nearing the end of their service and will return home.

Beck and Elder David A. Bednar of the Quorum of the Twelve. While there are many guest speakers at the conference, the event also encompasses other activities. When Elder Dudouit and Elder Both of the Manchester England Mission learned that Ashley Green ran an after-school robotics clubs for local children, they volunteered to assist him.

Visit the non-profit service of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints to review research guidance, search the records and library, find genealogy news, share information with others and more. This one is in Brazil.

TVs at every seat-back, leather seats, extra leg room, nonstop flights between cities that previously lacked nonstop service. This year her 25 fifth-graders organized a food drive. One, Ally White, headed the effort as a Girl Scout service project. What began in Hanna's classroom spread through the school.

There will be an African choir, soccer on the lawn, a clean-up service project and a hefty plate of ugali, a cornmeal dish that is a staple starch in East Africa. After completing her time as a student-athlete, Sears immediately joined the coaching staff at SUU in It was help beyond the necessities of life-sustaining food and water that the Church often delivers. The Red Cross needed help to nourish the souls of thousands of hurricane survivors who lost everything.

Monson was well-schooled in the way of Mormon prophets and well-known to the Mormon faithful. Monson has spent his entire career in the service of the LDS Church, working alongside every president since when he was named one of the twelve apostles at the age of Who is Jon M. AllGov July 3, - Relevance: Generally, ambassadors fall into one of two camps: Career diplomats; or wealthy political contributors rewarded for their support of the president and his party.

He achieved his goal — eventually. Before the day was over, they and some of their neighbors who worked with them had donated more than , hours of service— the equivalent of one person working 24 hours per day, days a year, for just under 19 years. Such is the legend; but we may readily see that in the olive, as the symbol of immortality, borne as the attribute of Mercury, the giver of life to the dead, we have a more ancient and profounder symbolism.

The serpents, symbols also of immortality, are appropriately united with the olive wand. The legend also accounts for a later and secondary symbolism-that of peace. The Caduceus then-the original meaning of which word is a herald's staff-as the attribute of a life-restoring God, is in its primary. This officer, as leading the aspirant through the forms of initiation into his new birth or Masonic regeneration, and teaching him in the solemn ceremonies of the Third Degree the lesson of eternal life, may well use the magic wand as a representation of it, which was the attribute of that ancient deity who brought the dead into life.

A builder of walls, a mason, from caemantum, a rough, unhewn stone as it comes from the quarry. In medieval Latin, the word is used to designate an Operative Mason. Du Cange cites Magister Caementariorum as used to designate him who presided over the building of edifices, that is, the Master of the works. It has been adopted by some modern writers as a translation of the word Freemason. Its employment for that purpose is perhaps more correct than that of the more usual word latomus, which owes its use to the authority of Thory.

Of all the Masonic persons of romantic celebrity who flourished in the eighteenth century the Count Cagliostro was most prominent, whether we consider the ingenuity of his schemes, the extensive field of his operations through almost every country of Europe, or the distinguished character and station of many of those whose credulity made them his enthusiastic supporters.

The history of Freemasonry in that century would not be complete without a reference to this personage. To write the history of Freemasonry in the eighteenth century and to leave out Cagliostro, would be like enacting the play of Hamlet and leaving out the part of the Prince of Denmark. And yet Carlyle has had occasion to complain of the paucity of materials for such a work. Indeed, of one so well known as Cagliostro comparatively little is to be found in print.

Doctor Mackey held that there was sufficient published to prove him to be a "charlatan" and a "prince of Masonic imposters. The authorities on which Brother Mackey rested his belief are mentioned in his following sentence. The only works upon which he who would write his life must depend are a Life of him published in London, ; Memoirs, in Paris, ; and Memoirs Authentiques, Strasbourg, ; a Life, in Germany, published at Berlin, ; another in Italian, published at Rome in ; and a few fugitive pieces, consisting chiefly of manifestoes of himself and his disciples.

The widest differences exist among writers as to Cagliostro's true standing, the majority following the lead of Doctor Mackey, whose account is appended. Joseph Balsamo, subsequently known as Count Cagliostro, was the son of Peter Balsamo and Felicia Braconieri, both of mean extraction, and was born on the 8th of June, , in the city of Palermo.

Upon the death of his father, he was taken under the protection of his maternal uncles, who caused him to be instructed in the elements of religion and learning, by both of which he profited so little that he eloped several times from the Seminary of St. Roch, near Palermo, where he had been placed for his instruction. At the age of thirteen he was carried to the Convent of the Good Brotherhood at Castiglione. There, having assumed the habit of a novice, he was placed under the tuition of the apothecary, from whom he learned the principles of chemistry and medicine.

His brief residence at the convent was marked by violations of many of its rules; and finally, abandoning it altogether, he returned to Palermo. There he continued his vicious courses, and was frequently seized and imprisoned for infractions of the law. At length, having cheated a goldsmith, named Marano, of a large amount of gold, he was compelled to flee from his native country.

He then repaired to Messina, where he became acquainted with one Altotas, who pretended to be a great chemist. Together they proceeded to Alexandria in Egypt, where, by means of certain chemical, or perhaps rather by financial, operations, they succeeded in collecting a considerable amount of money.

In Cagliostro appeared in London. During this visit, Cagliostro become connected with the Order of Freemasonry. In the month of April he received the degrees in Esperance Lodge, No. Cagliostro did not join the Order with disinterested motives, or at least he determined in a very short period after his initiation to use the Institution as an instrument for the advancement of his personal interests.

Here he is said to have invented, in , that grand scheme of imposture under the name of Egyptian Freemasonry, by the propagation of which he subsequently became so famous as the great Masonic charlatan of his age.

London did not fail to furnish him with a fertile field for his impositions, and the English Freemasons seemed no way reluctant to become his dupes; but, being ambitious for the extension of his Rite, and anxious for the greater income which it promised, he again passed over to the Continent, where he justly anticipated abundant success in its propagation. This Egypt Freemasonry constituted the great pursuit of the rest of his life, and was the instrument which he used for many years to make dupes of thousands of credulous persons.

During Cagliostro's residenee in England, on his last visit, he was attacked by the editor Morand, in the Courier de l'Europe, in a series of abusive articles, to which Cagliostro replied in a letter to the English people. But, although he had a few Egyptian Lodges in London under his government, he appears, perhaps from Morand's revelations of his character and life, to have lost his popularity, and he left England permanently in May, He went to Savoy, Sardinia, and other places in the south of Europe, and at last, in May, , by an act of rash temerity, proceeded to Rome, where he organized an Egyptian Lodge under the very shadow of , the Vatican.

But this was more than the Church, which had been excommunicating Freemasons for fifty years, was willing to endure. On the 27th of December of that year, on the festival of St. John the Evangelist, to whom he had dedicated his Lodges, the Holy Inquisition arrested him, and locked him up in the castle of San Angelo.

There, after such a trial as the Inquisition is wont to give to the accused-in which his wife is said to have been the principal witness against him-he was convicted of having formed'' societies and conventicles of Freemasonry. Cagliostro appealed to the French Constituent Assembly, but of course in vain. Thenceforth no more is seen of him. For four years this adventurer, who had filled during his life so large a space in the world's history-the associate of princes, prelates, and philosophers; the inventor of a spurious Rite, which had, however, its thousands of disciples-languished within the gloomy walls of the prison of St.

Leo, in the Duchy of Urbino, and at length, in the year , in a fit of apoplexy, bade the world adieu. But there is another side to the foregoing account by Doctor Mackey.

Some more recent writers have seriously questioned the identity of Cagliostro and Balsamo. Both Trowbridge and Spence deem the later evidence to have proven that Cagliostro was not Balsamo.

Lewis Spenee sums up the situation thus in his Encyclopedia of Occultism after a lengthy review of the various assertions of the authorities and the test of them by the ascertained facts: That he was vain, naturally pompous, fond of theatrical mystery, and of the popular side of occultism, is most probable. Another circumstance which stands out in relation to his personality is that he was vastly desirous of gaining cheap popularity.

He was probably a little mad. On the other hand he was beneficent, and felt it his mission in the then king-ridden state of Europe to found Egyptian Masonry for the protection of society in general, and the middle and lower classes in particular. A born adventurer, he was by no means a rogue, as his lack of shrewdness has been proved on many occasions.

There is small question either that the various Masonic lodges which he founded and which were patronized by persons of ample means, provided him with extensive funds and it is a known fact that he was subsidized by several extremely wealthy men, who, themselves dissatisfied by the state of affairs in Europe, did not hesitate to place their riches at his disposal for the purpose of undermining the tyrannic powers which then wielded sway.

There is reason to believe that he had in some way and at some period of his life acquired a certain working knowledge of practical occultism, and that he possessed certain elementary psychic powers of hypnotism and telepathy. His absurd account of his childhood is almost undoubtedly a plagiarism of that stated in the first manifesto to the public of the mysterious Rosicrucian Brotherhood, as containing an account of the childhood of their Chief.

But on the whole he is a mystery, and in all likelihood the clouds which surround his origin and earlier years will never be dispersed. It is probably better that this should be so, as although Cagliostro was by no means an exalted character, he was yet one of the most picturesque figures in the later history of Europe; and assuredly not the least aid to his picturesqueness is the obscurity in which his origin is involved.

For further reading on the career of Cagliostro, a showing to the effect that if he was not of unalloyed honor, he was not altogether an impostor and scoundrel, consult Cagliostro: Other books of reference are Cagliostro and Company, by Franz Funck-Brentano, and the Life of Joseph Balsamo, published at Dublin in , the latter being translated from the original proceedings published at Rome by order of the Apostolic Chamber and therefore of especial interest as the Roman Catholic argument against one condemned by the Inquisition for being a Freemason.

This report page , asserts that the judgment entirely accords with justice, equity, prudence, religion, and public tranquillity. It then runs thus: Notwithstanding this, by way of special grace and favor, this crime, the expiation of which demands the delivery of the culprit over to the secular arm, to be by it punished with death, is hereby changed and commuted into perpetual imprisonment, in a fortress where the culprit is to be strictly guarded, without any hope of pardon whatever.

This order was carried into effect as was also the burning by "the hand of the hangman" of Cagliostro's manuscript on Egyptian Freemasonry as were all his other books, instruments, symbols, etc. The order also confirmed and renewed the laws of the Roman Catholic Church prohibiting societies and conventicles of Freemasons, and winds up by declaring "We shall enact the most grievous corporal punishments, and principally those provided for heresies, against whosoever shall associate, hold communication with, or protect, these societies.

A number of sheets of parchment or paper fastened together at one end. The word is used by French Freemasons to designate a small book printed, or in manuscript, containing the ritual of a Degree.

The word has been borrowed from French history, where it denotes the reports and proceedings of certain assemblies, such as the clergy, the States-General, etc. Derived from the Gaelic can, meaning a mound, and applied thus to heaps of stones of a conical form erected by the Druids. Some suppose them to have been sepulchral monuments, others altars.

They were undoubtedly of a religious character, since sacrificial fires were lighted upon them, and processions were made around them. These processions were analogous to the circumambulations in Freemasonry, and were conducted, like them, with reference to the apparent course of the sun.

Thus, Toland, in his Letters on the Celtic Religion, II, xvii, says of these mystical processions, that the people of the Scottish islands "never come to the ancient sacrificing and fire-hallowing Cams but they walk three times round them from east to west, according to the course of the sun. This sanctified tour, or round by the south, is called Deaseal, as the unhallowed contrary one by the north, Tuapholl"; and he says that Deaseal is derived from "Deas, the right understanding hand , and soil, one of the ancient names of the sun, the right hand in this round being ever next the heap.

Instituted l, during the reign of Sancho III, King of Castile, who conquered and gave the Castle of Calatrava, an important fortress of the Moors of Andalusia, to the Knights Templar, who subsequently relinquished their possession of it to the king.

The king, being disappointed in the ability of the Templars to retain it, then offered the defense of the place to Don Raymond of Navarre, Abbot of St. Mary of Hitero, a Cistercian convent, who accepted it. Don Raymond being successful, the king gave the place to him and his companions, and instituted the 0rder of Calatrava.

A distinguished Masonic writer of the eighteenth century, and the author of a work published in , under the title of A Candid Disquisition of the Principles and Practices of the Most Ancient and Honorable Society of Free and Accepted Masons; together with some Strictures on the 0rigin, Nature, and Design of that Institution, in which he has traced Freemasonry from its origin, explained its symbols and hieroglyphics, its social virtues and advantages, suggested the propriety of building halls for the peculiar and exclusive practice of Freemasonry and reprehended its slanderers with great but judicious severity.

This was the first extended effort to illustrate philosophically the science of Freemasonry, and was followed, a few years after, by Hutchinson's admirable work ; so that Oliver justly says that ''Calcott opened the mine of Freemasonry, and Hutchinson worked it. Freemasons, in affixing dates to their official documents, never make use of the Common Epoch or Vulgar Era, but have one peculiar to themselves, which, however, varies in the different rites.

Era and epoch are, in this sense, synonymous. Strictly, the epoch is an important point in history beginning a period termed an era, as the epoch of the Crucifixion followed by the Christian Era.

Thus with them the year is A. This they do, not because they believe Freemasonry to be coeval with the Creation, but with a symbolic reference to the light of Freemasonry. In the Scottish Rite, the epoch also begins from the date of the creation, but Freemasons of that Rite, using the Jewish chronology, would call the year A.

They sometimes use the initials A. They have also adopted the Hebrew months, and the year, therefore, begins with them in the middle of September see Months, Hebrew. Freemasons of the York and American Rites begin the year on the lst of January, but in the French Rite it commences on the lst of March, and instead of the months receiving their usual names, they are designated numerically, as first, second, third, etc.

Thus, the lst of January, , would be styled, in a French Masonic document, the lst day of the 11th Masonic month, Anno Lucis, The French sometimes, instead of the initials A. Royal Arch Masons commence their epoch with the year in which Zerubbabel began to build the second Temple, which was years before Christ. Their style for the year is, therefore, A. Royal and Select Masters very often make use of the common Masonic date, Anno Lucis, but properly they should date from the year in which Solomon's Temple was completed; and their style would then be, Anna Depositionis, or, in the Year of the Deposit, and they would date the year as Knights Templar use the epoch of the organization of their Order in Their style for the year is A.

We subjoin, for the convenience of reference, the rules for discovering these different dates. To find the Ancient Craft date. Add to the Vulgar Era. Thus and are To find the date of the Scottish Rite. After September add one year more.

To find the date of Royal Arch Masonry. To find the Royal and Select Masters' date. To find the Knights Templar's. Subtract from the Vulgar Era. Thus from is The following will show, in one view, the date of the year in all the branches of the Order: Year of the Lord, A. Year of Light, A. Year of the World, A.

Year of the Discovery, A. Year of the Deposit, A. Year of the Order, A. When King Henry III was in want of money to carry on his war against the Barons he announced to the Prior of the Templars that he intended to commandeer some portions of the riches with which their vaults were crowded The Templars, the Knights of St. John, and the Church among them owned one-third of England and in spite of the Charters he had given them, the Prior of the Templars replied: Far be it that thy mouth should utter so disagreeable and silly a word.

Thou wilt cease to be king. The Prior took his defiant stand on his Charter, the solidest thing in the Middle Ages. Even the Tudor Kings, unafraid of man or devil, were smitten with fear at the mere thought of Charter breaking.

There are in modern use contracts, deeds, charters, warrants, and similar instruments through which authority acts, and in which sovereignty resides; but no one of those documents is what a Medieval Charter was.

For in the Middle Ages, a Charter was a document which possessed sovereignty, power, authority in itself, not as delegated, but as original. If a town received a Charter a town might pay the king a large sum for one it was thereby made a free, independent, sovereign, self-governing incorporation which could levy taxes, conscript soldiers, hold courts, execute criminals, buy, sell, or construct property; subject only to the national sovereignty it was almost a small nation.

The town of Cambridge was such a chartered incorporation; the University of Cambridge, though a school and not a city, and only a short distance from the town, also had a Charter, and therefore had its own courts and peace officers; and in the Town and Gown battles the two were more than once virtually at war with each other.

If a gild of craftsmen or churchmen or merchants received a Charter, they became a self-governing unit even though they had no territory or property. Chartered Colonies, chartered trading companies like the East India, West India African Companies, were English governments in pello in foreign places.

Medieval England was almost a government by Charters. Magna Carta was epoch making because it was a charter granted to the people of London; it was therefore the guarantee of the liberties named in it, and as against any King or Parliament, because it was a Charter. It is evident from the Old MSS. When any city, university, or society petitioned for a Charter it usually gave the grounds upon which it felt a right to ask it, and among the more common grounds were a great antiquity, a record of peaceableness, the prestige of names among its members, etc.

Freemasonry was ancient, because building went back to Adam; among its earliest founders men who made the art possible were such famous and learned men as Pythagoras and Euclid; such great kings as Charlemagne and Athelstan had been among its patrons; Freemasons had always been educated men, not lewd fellows "lewd" meant illiterate or churls, but lovers of the Liberal Arts and Sciences curriculum of the schools and universities ;.

Copies of such a charter, duly authenticated, were sufficient authority for regular Freemasons anywhere to hold local assemblies and constitute themselves into Lodges, nor could local prelates or lords forbid them. Having thus shown the ground of authority the document then goes on to set down the set of rules and charges which, on Charter authority, the Masonic Fraternity imposed upon its membership.

Boys come to be made apprentices, though of gentle birth, need not expect that they would be in a loose and carefree circle, to act as they wished; they would be governed under strict laws. This grounding of the authority of the Craft on an original Charter is repeated in the records of the Grand Lodge of Scotland, the formation of which was not attempted until after the ancient family holding the rights of Masonic Charter had made over those rights to the governing body to be.

It has been assumed by some Masonic writers that the Old charges were a mere "tradition" of legendary Graft ,,history," to be piously believed, and to be read to Apprentices to give them an impression of the Craft's antiquity; and they took the charges and the rules and regulations, to be mere by-laws of a voluntary social Fraternity, or sodality.

It is submitted on the basis of facts given above that this is an error. A copy of the old Charges was a Lodge's Charter, its legal right to exist. From its Minute Book it is evident that Antiquity Lodge insisted that it never had surrendered its own Charter to the new Grand Lodge in ; when later it believed that the Grand Master had violated Antiquity's Charter, Antiquity withdrew and continued to work in independence for more than ten years.

The new Grand Lodge was not to replace the authority inherent in each Lodge but was to supervise only such matters as lay among the Lodges. And it is certain that most of the old Lodges looked upon the Book of Constitutions as a Grand Lodge Charter, and that the old Masons represented by fourteen members had insisted on incorporating in it the old grounds on which the original Charter as they believed had been given by Prince Edwin ; so that the first half of the Book was not, as Gould and Hughan erroneously believed, a fabulous and pleasing tale or legend but a claim to original Charter authority one thousand years old.

The "new men," the "gentlemen" or "accepted" Masons who followed the Duke of Montague into the Craft in a stream, and who came into control of the Fraternity had only a sketchy knowledge of Masonry and little understanding of its ancient customs and landmarks.

They committed one fateful blunder after another One of the cardinal discoveries, as even the young and green Grand Lodge found out in thirty years was that a Grand Master, privately and personally , and at his own pleasure, could not "make" a Lodge though until he undertook to do so; for if he could make a Lodge at his own pleasure he could break a Lodge at his pleasure and often did , could control the making of Masons and decide whom to admit etc.

When the Grand Lodge ordained that Master Masons could "be made only at Grand Lodge, Masons everywhere rebelled Lodges withdrew by the score, and the erection of the Ancient Grand Lodge, no such innovator was one of the consequences.

Come to its senses the Grand Lodge of , began in following Ireland by two years, to issue no more Grand Master's written consents, for that is what the Deputations or Warrants had been, but Charters, documents possessing original authority in themselfs.

These charters did not create the right of Freemasons to form a Lodge, they recognized it, they were an official evidence that a given Lodge received one was deemed regular by other Lodges and entitled to be represented at Craft Assemblies in the Grand Lodge. This means that a regular Lodge possesses inherent authority, by time immemorial rights, and not a merely provisional and delegated authority; and it is one that cannot be usurped by any faction among its own members, or by other Lodges, or by the Grand Master or by the Grand Lodge.

It was this which he had in mind when Albert G. Mackey stated that Masons right to form and to assemble in Lodges is an Ancient Landmark, as indubitably it is; and it is for the same reason that Lodges are not "subordinate'' to Grand Lodge, mere local branches of it, but are constituents of it, and hence are properly called Constituent Bodies. Thus it turns out at the end of some eight or so centuries of Masonic history that modern Speculative Freemasonry discovered what the original authors of the Old Charges knew and affirmed, that a Lodge, or assembly of Masons, without a Charter will find in experience that their Lodge and assembly is an empty vanity; and that each Lodge has inherent and alienable Charter rights.

The fact explains the acceptance by many American Masons of the theory, often set out in Masonic periodicals and in Grand Masters' Addresses, that the original and sovereign Masonic authority was the Holy Bible. During almost one-half of the total history of the Craft, Masons had no copies of the Bible. In the earliest centuries they did not, excepting only a few, even know of the existence of such a Book.

They had from it only a few stories, such as Adam's fall, Noah's Ark, etc. If there had been a Bible available, the Masons could not have been persuaded to use it by any cajolery or the direst threats, because to do so would have meant a march to the stake, or the dreaded excommunication. Holy Church forbade laymen to own or use copies of any Holy Scriptures, and often forbade laymen to read the Scriptures under any circumstances.

In the eyes of the Masons It would have been an unspeakable heresy for them to employ the Scriptures in their own Lodges. They left the Church to itself; never intruded upon it or interfered with it, nor permitted it to interfere with Lodges ; they taught no religious doctrines, nor made any theological pronouncements. Masons like other men of the time were men of religion but they incorporated nothing of theology in their own Fraternity, and never have; they did not see that Church and Theology had anything more to do with the Chartered Craft of builders than with a Chartered Company of Hierohants.

The "book" on which Apprentices made their oath was in the beginning not the Bible but the Old Charges. In the first years of the new Grand Lodge officers of Antiquity Lodge held a copy of the Old Charges aloft on a cushion and carried it around the Grand Lodge Room, thus exhibiting the authority on which the Grand Lodge was being assembled. In the minutes of the oldest Lodges and in the engravings they printed it is seen that a copy of the Old Charges not the Bible is placed on a pedestal directly in front of the Master.

The Bible is used in the Lodge not as an original warrant of authority and constitution, but symbolically, like the Square and Compasses, and is one of the Great Lights. Its power and authority in its own place and for its own proper use is none the less for that, but the authority on which every Lodge works is not, and never was, a religious or theological authority, but is in the written, signed, and sealed Charter which hangs on the Lodge Room walls, and which is in essence and meaning as ancient as Freemasonry itself.

Whether such a Charter goes back in unbroken succession to a particular sealed document issued by Prince Edwin at York does not matter; it goes back to some written Charter, or Charters, issued to the Freemasons in the beginnings of their Fraternity.

The absence of Lord Chesterfield and Beau Nash from the Masonic histories thus far published is yet another of the proofs that no really complete Masonic history has been written.

They were eminent men and Masons but so were thousands of others; their distinction is that they were leaders and spokesmen for one of the most drastic reforms by which England has ever been purged, the reform of manners. Chesterfield was asked to take the Grand East of the Ancient Grand Lodge; it is unfortunate that a journey he was about to take made it impossible because his name in the list would have been both a reminder and a monument to one of the largest services the British and American Lodges rendered their countries in the Eighteenth and the first quarter of the Nineteenth Centuries.

Chesterfield's letters to his son the family name was Dormer circulated privately for years before they were published and became one of the classics of English literature. In one of his histories of England, Trevelyan, summarizing hundreds of reports and findings about the manners of the Eighteenth Century, notes that between and the first Grand Lodge was erected in , somebody found a way to manufacture cheap gin ; this hard liquor replaced beer and ale, children as well as women joined the men at the pubs, and thousands increasingly began to die in delirium tremens; this' national orgy of drunkenness was at home among the other fatal vices which accompanied it: The fight against this lunatic determination of the masses to commit suicide was a grim business.

To Chesterfield it was a question of life or death. Beau Nash managed to make his resort at Bath popular with the aristocracy; but he compelled the young bloods from the city and the young squires from the country to bathe every day, excluded them if drunk, stopped their profanity, and pounded into them the rudiments of manners.

The Masonic Lodges set themselves against vulgarity with thin-lipped determination. At the Lodge in Highen, wealthy and aristocratic, meeting in a dining room that one of the kings had himself designed, a member rode his horse upstairs and jumped it over the banquet table.

Tilers here and there had fist fights with young bloods determined to wear their swords in Lodge. When almost every Lodge was a small circle of close friends who sat around the table while conducting the Order of Business or initiating candidates, vulgarity, quarreling, profanity were fatal to it.

Minute books are filled with cases where members were fined for swearing, refused admittance for arriving "disguised with liquor," rebuked, or reprimanded or excluded for quarreling, expelled for insolence or bad manners.

The Lodges were determined to wipe out this new species of barbarism or perish in the attempt; hundreds perished, but more hundreds succeeded. For decades on both sides of the Atlantic, Lodges were schools of good manners, and the fact is more important for any history of them than whole chapters about the election of officers or the names of committees. Washington was to American Lodges what Chesterfield had been to the English, at once the ideal and the embodiment of the gentleman Mason; if biographers and historians complain that he was too stiff, too formal, too correct it is because they do not realize the dreadful dangers both to the American Fraternity and American society there was in lust, drunkenness, and vulgarity, or how much continuing power of the will was required, as it was required of Washington himself, to stand out against it.

The literary references for this subject, and authority for the statements made above, have never been collected into one chapter or volume; they lie in thousands of entries in the Minute Books and histories of some of the oldest British and American Lodges.

Chesterfield was very early made a Mason, probably in the Lodge which met at the Horn Tavern and had been No. When Montesquieu was on a visit to London in the early 's he was made a Mason, and the indications are that since he was visiting Chesterfield he was introduced and made a Mason in Chesterfield's own Lodge. When Montesquieu helped to Set up the first Lodge in Paris in it also is probable that Chesterfield and his English friends living in Paris had a hand in it.

A number of famous men in that period were initiated but took no active Part in Lodge work afterwards; not so Chesterfield and Montesquieu, both of whom were Masonic leaders for many years.

After the murrain of bad manners with its profanity, vulgarity, lust, gambling, and drunkenness had raged Unchecked for decades the English discovered what every other people in a like case have discovered that the collapse of manners leads to a plague of crime; for the end of vulgarity is not, as often thought, the decay of religion though there is much of that because vulgarians cling to a superstitious form of religion, but to murder, thievery, rape, robbery, mobbing, arson, piracy, etc.

The English at home suddenly lost interest in their great war in France where the Duke of Marlborough was winning his famous victory of Malplaquet and began assiduously to read Addison, and Steele, and Chesterfield's Letters.

This has been a mystery to many historians. The explanation is that the English at home had suddenly discovered themselves in greater danger from the flood of vulgarity in which they were engulfed than from their foreign foe, and were moving heaven and earth to stem that flood.

They had to stop it or perish. The History of Freemasonry in Northern China: This invaluable work is bacdeker as well as history. There was one Lodge under Irish Constitution Shanghai. The eight Lodges under American charters were constituted by the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, which long has led other Grand Jurisdictions in work for foreign countries, followed by New York.

The History referred to at the beginning of the paragraph above is the second of two; it was preceded by an earlier volume of the same name, and included a history of Ancient Landmarks Lodge. In it had 95 members. From until the Massachusetts Lodges in China and Manchuria were supervised by a District Deputy Grand Master, of which there were five during the period.

In the District Grand Lodge of China was formed. The true and authentic sources of information about this Society over which there has been so much debate ever since are in transactions, proceedings, and other papers published by the Society itself. This perpetuates in a better form a copy of the Institution that had been published in Philadelphia by John Steele, in , except that it omits a number of letters included in the latter.

A sufficient amount of original sources is accumulated if to the above two brochures is added A Journal of the General Meeting of The Cincinnati in , by Major Winthrop Sargent; Philadelphia; The plan as stated in the General Institution was to enable the officers of the Revolutionary Army to have a national society of their own with a branch in each state; that its first purpose was to perpetuate the fellowship of the army in the field, and its second purpose to give relief to the needy in its circles; it was assumed that to be a member would in itself be a military honor; and-it was this which aroused the storm of objections-"as a testimony of election to the memory and the offspring of such officers as have died in the service, their eldest male branches shall have the same right of becoming members as the children of the actual members of the society.

This constitution was adopted and the Society was formed on it at the Verplanck House, Steuben's Headquarters, near Fishkill, shortly before demobilization. Washington was the first President-General, elected in , two years before his inauguration as first President; he was succeeded by Alexander Hamilton; C. The last original member died in The Society is still in existence. In the accumulated literature belonging to the Society the most valuable is a series of sermons and orations delivered before the General Societies or the State Branches between and about ; almost without exception they are discussions by able spokesmen of the nation President Timothy Dwight of Yale was one of them , of its problems, anxieties, and of the conceptions of the American republican system and of its National Government.

They are a better portrait of what was going on in the minds of responsible and representative Americans in the critical period between and than many volumes of general history. The documents referred to above, along with a number of others, are preserved in the Iowa Masonic Library, Cedar Rapids, Iowa.

When gold was discovered in California many Masonic Brethren were among the crowds that poured into the district and several Lodges began work in the early part of the year Soon the question of establishing a Grand Lodge arose. Hyam of Benicia was Secretary. The Lodges represented were California Lodge, No. Hyam presented credentials from Benicia Lodge, at Benicia, but, as no Masonic information of the existence of such a Lodge could be discovered, it was not recognized.

On April 19, a Constitution was adopted and Grand Officers duly elected and installed. Three Chapters, San Francisco, No. The meeting was adjourned, after three days' session, and met again at San Francisco, July 18,

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